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About www.galapagos.to: My research on the human and cartographic history of the Galápagos Islands began in the traditional manner: on paper. But given the inevitable cross-referencing between maps and manuscripts, books and other sources, the HTML document format lent itself nicely to bringing some order to the resulting bibliography. In no time at all, the bibliography became the focus of the project, and a move to the web was the next logical step. So, here it is.—John Woram.

The buttons on the home page and at the top of some other pages, plus other buttons and graphics symbols seen elsewhere, are described below. Each button provides convenient direct access to other pages, as indicated by the button text.

(Woram CV & Editorial Summary)

This Button: Provides a link to:

This button is in the upper left corner of each page opened via one of the buttons in the “button bar” seen here at upper right. The button is a link to the HTML 5 Markup Validation Service at the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) website. It provides a means for the viewer to verify that the page conforms to HTML 5 standards. Most other pages on this site conform to XHTML 1 Strict standards.

Bibliographic citations for each book, journal, and manuscript cited in the Table of Island Names. The bibliography also lists selected authors who had the good sense not to bestow island names, but whose work is otherwise significant to Galápagos history (Dampier and Darwin, to cite two obvious examples).
If present, the button (described below) displays additional information.

Selected artwork, portraits, photographs, postal items, etc., some of which are not associated with any listing in the above two sections.

This Page.

Bibliographic citations for maps and charts of the Galápagos Islands, many of which are cited in the Table of Island Names. As on the Books page, a button (described below) displays additional information.

Authors & Cartographers: A-I Authors & Cartographers: J-Z Island Names

Additional notes about selected authors, cartographers, and island names. It is the source for most of the information displayed when the button (described below) is clicked.

Brief description of some of the ships that have visited Galápagos.


All known names that have been applied to various Galápagos islands since their discovery in 1535 by Bishop Tomás de Berlanga — perhaps the only visitor in recorded history who did not feel compelled to name the islands he saw. For each island listed in the first (Island Name) column, the adjacent columns offer the derivation of that name, bibliographic and cartographic citations, and other names that have been applied to that island since its discovery. As appropriate, links in these columns provide access to the place in the table where another name for the same island appears, or to a bibliographic or cartographic citation where that island name is recorded.

Detailed information about the entries in each of the five columns of the Table of Island Names, and explains the significance of the various font styles used throughout that table.

The works of selected authors. In most cases, only the Galápagos section of the author's work is available here. Since Melville's The Encantadas is about Galápagos and nothing else, the complete work is presented here. Although only a single chapter of Darwin's Journal of Researches covers his Galápagos visit, the entire work is available here anyway.

A link to the bibliographic citation for an author listed on one of the Notes or Texts pages. (This example displays the citation for William Ambrosia Cowley.)

A list of biographies of, or biographical notes about, selected authors. (This button displays biographies of William Dampier.)

A convenient quick return to the home page.


Zoom In or Out, or show/hide additional details.


Move backward or forward by one page.

Details about the person and/or about one or more of the listed works. Here, the button links to information about Robert FitzRoy.

Details about the ship associated with the person. Here, the button links to information about HMS Beagle.

Illustration (painting or drawing) of an island, or of an author.

Black & White aerial photo of island(s) from mapping missions.

Color photo by Heidi Snell of an island.

NASA satellite photo viewed via google Earth.

Display island in Google Earth 3D view. If not already installed, visit Google Earth website to download application.


Displays a MrSID (Multi-Resolution Seamless Image Database) or JPEG 2000 image. Requires free ExpressView (formerly, MrSID) Browser plug-in from LizardTech. If already installed, buttons in left column will display (top) a MrSID image of a map by Emanuel Bowen, and (bottom) a JPEG2000 image of an 1877 engraving from Harpers Magazine. If these images do not appear, download the viewer from the LizardTech site:
For Windows.
For Max OS X.
Once installed, use the Toolbar at the top of the viewer window to adjust the image as desired.

Browser Notes:
Safari (Mac Platform): Clicking a MrSID or JPEG2000 link may open a pop-up “Downloads” window. If more than one file name appears, the desired image file is the last one on the list. Double-click the MrSID or JP2 icon to display the file in a new window.
Firefox (Windows or Mac Platforms): Browser may attempt to open Internet Explorer browser to display image.
WARNING: Firefox 4.0 causes MrSID image to open an endless sequence of browser windows. Windows shut-down required to recover.

A simple test to verify your browser configuration.

An underlined word or phrase provides a link to the appropriate location where that item may be found, as described in these typical examples:
island name The location in the Table of Island Names where details about that name are given.
person's name The section of the Bibliography where that person's works are listed.
book title An excerpt from that book in which the Galápagos Islands are discussed.
map titleThe section of the cited map which shows the Galápagos Islands.
(These four links are inactive—for descriptive purposes only.)


ACCESS KEYS: The list of Access Keys on the home page indicates various keys that can be pressed at any time to view the indicated page. In addition, press

 .   (the “period” key) to return to the top of the page you are viewing.
 [ or {   (the left bracket or brace key) to decrease text size.
 ] or }   (the right bracket or brace key) to increase text size.
Press either button repeatedly, as desired. Press browser “Refresh” button to return to default text size.
R   to return to the home page.

This feature is supported on all pages listed on the home page, and on most pages displaying lengthy (scrollable) text (Darwin's Diary, for example).

JavaScript Note: Some links require that JavaScript be enabled. In case of doubt, click the “Test” button above. The Test page will report the status of JavaScript within your browser.

Resolution and Color Depth: For best results, use a screen resolution of 1024 × 768 pixels or greater, and a 16-bit (65,536 colors) or greater color depth. Most images should be acceptable at 800 × 600 pixel resolution, but many will be difficult to view at anything less than that. For optimum display of large images, press Function Key F11 (in most browsers) to view pages in Full-Screen mode. (Press F11 a second time to return to previous window size.)

Contact Information

Comments, corrections, suggestions, are always welcome. All original content is copyrighted by the author. Please use, enjoy, but do not copy.

© , John Woram

Rockville Press, Inc.
45 Lakeside Drive
Rockville Centre, NY 11570-2309
e-mail: info@galapagos.to or john@woram.com

phone: 1-516-764-8900